Head Injury Diagnosis and Treatment

If you feel symptoms of a head injury or see someone experiencing it, immediately see a doctor so that it can be treated immediately. The doctor will do a physical examination, such as looking for signs of bleeding, swelling, or bruising, after asking how the injury occurred. If this happens to you, you can visit Urgent Care Macomb MI.

A neurological examination will be carried out to evaluate nerve function, by measuring muscle strength, the patient’s ability to control muscle movements, the degree of flexibility in eye movements, the ability to feel sensations, and so on.

The patient’s level of awareness can be assessed by examining the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) by assessing the patient’s ability to follow instructions or respond to a physical stimulation given. The normal GCS value is 15, which is the maximum value for this check. The lower the value obtained, the condition experienced by patients is getting worse.

If needed, scanning can be done, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI to see the potential for fractures, bleeding, frozen blood, swelling of brain tissue, and blood flow in the brain.

The doctor will also ask family or relatives to monitor the patient’s condition for several days to see the development of symptoms experienced and adjust the diagnosis results, such as diet, sleep patterns, ways of speaking, moods, and so on.

Treatment will be adjusted to the level of injury experienced by the patient. In general, the doctor will help with the administration of medication, therapy, or perform surgery if needed.

Patients with moderate to severe head injuries are very susceptible to complications, both shortly after trauma or a few weeks after if not treated properly. Some complications that can occur are:

– Decreased consciousness, such as decreased consciousness to coma, brain cell death (brain death), locked-in syndrome, and conditions
– Seizures recur or also called post-traumatic epilepsy.
– Nerve damage that can trigger other problems such as facial muscle paralysis, double vision to lose the ability to see, difficulty swallowing, and damage to the sense of smell.